UN Biodiversity Conference (CBD COP 15) Key Highlights

The fifteenth meeting of the Member States of the International Convention on Biodiversity (UNCBD COP15) held in Montreal from 02 to 19 December 2022, was just concluded, with remarkable success by parties where parties adopted the adopt a New Biodiversity Strategy for the year 2022 to 2030 after the end of the last Strategy for 2011 to 2020, famously named “Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework” (GBF). The meeting comprised the Conference of the Parties (COP 15) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)[https://www.cbd.int/conferences/2021-2022/cop-15/documents], the tenth Meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (Cartagena Protocol COP/MOP 10)[ https://www.cbd.int/conferences/2021-2022/cp-mop-10/documents], and the fourth Meeting of the Parties to the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing (Nagoya Protocol COP/MOP 4)[ https://www.cbd.int/conferences/2021-2022/np-mop-04/documents].

The deal was reached after long days of intensive negotiations backed by all levels of technical, legal, scientific, political, and policy experts chaired by China, and hosted by Canada, at the City of Montreal Canada, from all parties. Tanzania delegates were led by Hon. Ambassador, Dr. Mpoki Ulisubisya, High Commissioner of the United Republic of Tanzania to Canada.

Some of the Tanzanian delegates to the CBD COP 15 Part II which took place in Montreal Canada, in December 2022. At the center is Hon. Ambassador, Dr. Mpoki Ulisubisya, High Commissioner of the United Republic of Tanzania to Canada.

The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework” (GBF) is unique in the sense that for the first time in the history of mankind parties across the globe have agreed in principle on the need to reverse the global trend in the loss of biodiversity to halt species extinctions. The Framework seeks to address the drivers of biodiversity loss while keeping track of reporting the success of the implementation of the post-2020 GBF.

The GBF has four main goals and 23 targets:

Goal A focuses on halting human-induced extinction as the primary threat to biodiversity loss by ensuring integrity, connectivity and resilience of all ecosystems are maintained, enhanced, or restored, substantially increasing the area of natural ecosystems by 2050;

Goal B focuses on the sustainable use and management of nature and biodiversity for people, nature, and the functioning of the ecosystem while achieving sustainable development, for the benefit of present and future generations by 2050;

GOAL C is about ensuring a substantial increase in equitable sharing of monetary and non-monetary benefits from biodiversity i.e. from the utilization of genetic resources, digital sequence information on genetic resources, and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources to all including indigenous peoples and local communities by 2050; and

GOAL D is about the means of implementation of the framework and capacity building including financial resources, capacity building, technical and scientific cooperation, and access to and transfer of technology to be fully secured and equitably accessible to all Parties. For more details see https://www.carbonbrief.org/cop15-key-outcomes-agreed-at-the-un-biodiversity-conference-in-montreal/

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